A3 English homework help

Remember to search for up-to-date data and don’t just include the first data you find.  The most current data are of course the best data. Please use reputable sources, like the World Bank, IMF, IHME, or other UN agencies such as the WHO, IOM, ILO, etc. In general, websites that end in “.org” are better than for-profit companies whose websites end in “.com” or “.net”

There is good data on health indicators from a variety of sources, including (but not limited to):

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) | The GBD Compare Tool 
(https://vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-compare/)is a great resource for visualizing data, seeing trends, and comparing regions and countries.  This tool allows you to easily and quickly used the selection bar on the right to dynamically create visual representations of your chosen country and the disease or condition of your choice.

WHO | The WHO’s Global Health Observatory (https://www.who.int/data/gho/data/countries)also has many of health statistics. After clicking on your country, explore the “country data and statistics” and “country profiles”.

The World Bank | The World Bank 
(https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/)has many development indicators.  You can explore by searching the indicators and then finding your country or clicking on the “By Country” tab at the top of the page. 

Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) | Measure DHS (https://dhsprogram.com/countries/Country-List.cfm
) is a USAID-funded project that carries out surveys in low-income countries receiving US foreign aid.  Each DHS has extensive data about a specific country.

Other data sources are acceptable, as long as they are properly cited.

Country: Peru

Disease: HIV/AIDS

Note: For all questions, be brief! Just a few words or numbers as appropriate. Use the most recent data available.

Question 1: Background and Health Spending


Instructions: For your chosen country, answer the following questions on its background and health spending.

Question

Answer

Source

1

What is the total health expenditure per capita (USD) in the country?

2

How does the total health expenditure per capita compare with the regional average (compare to some countries the continent in which your country is located)

3a

What is the total estimated number of physicians in the country?

3b

What is the rate of physicians/100,000 population?

4

How does the rate of physicians/100,000 population compare with the regional average?

5a

What is the total number of nursing and midwifery personnel in the country?

5b

What is rate of nursing and midwifery personnel/100,000 population?

6

How does the rate of nursing and midwifery personnel /100,000 population compare with the regional average?

7

What is the total estimated amount of health aid the country received in 2020 (in US dollars)?

8

How much of this came from the Global Fund?

Question 2: Assessing the strength of the country’s health system


Instructions: For your chosen country, assess the strength of the health system by answering the following:

Question

Answer

Source

1

Using the IHME health spending tool (https://vizhub.healthdata.org/fgh/; click on ‘Spending’ on the top left), what is the proportion of all cause out of pocket expending to total health spending?

2

What is the proportion of the children under 5 years old with ‘complete coverage’ by vaccines included in their national program?

3

How reliant is the country on development assistance for health? (meaning, using the same tool above for #1, what percent of total health funding comes from development assistance for health?)

3.Answers should be brief. If you are unable to locate data (which should be rarely), please explain where you looked and why you have not provided a numerical response.

Question

Answer

Source

HIV/AIDS

1

How many people are living with HIV in the country? (HIV positives or people living with HIV)

2

What proportion of adults or total population is infected with HIV?

3

How many AIDS-related deaths occur per year?

4

How many people need antiretroviral (ARV) therapy?

5

What proportion of people who need ARV therapy are receiving it?

6

How does this proportion (question 5) compare to counties in the region?

Question 4: Based on the country profiles and data you found, what did you learn about your country? Did anything strike you as especially surprising? (150-200 words) (Offers critical and insightful reflection on state of health in country.)

Question 5: After quickly exploring IHME’s GBD Compare Tool), what do you find to be the most interesting graphic? Why? How does the visualization of data compare to the numbers you found?(100-200 words) Please include a copy of the graphic in this file. To do this, click download at the top right of the Tool page. Click “screenshot” to save the graphic and then paste or insert it into this document. Please resize it to take up no more than ½ page.

(Shares graphic and offers critical reflection on learnings from using tool)

Question 6: For your country, why did you choose this disease or topic?( identifies focus for rest of Global Fund project and meaningfully explains choice)

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