Kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkjhi hiiiiiiiiiiiiiii Discussion Forum Requirements: ● You are required to complete at least two posts per discussion forum to get your


Discussion Forum Requirements:

● You are required to complete at least two posts per discussion forum to get your
full marks for that week (5%).

● Your posts should be no more than 200 words each and at least one post should
include references.

● Student Reponse 200-300
● Your first post should respond to the instructor’s question for that week (see

below) and your second post should respond to a classmate’s post.
● Posts should be ongoing, substantive and thoughtful. If your two posts are

back-to-back and/or you complete both posts right before the 11:55 PM deadline,
you will receive only partial marks. We want to encourage engagement with your
classmates and be respectful of the time and effort we all put into the

● Discussion forums must show evidence of critical thought and provide evidence
from course material to support you answer (from lectures, readings, videos, etc.).
You must cite your sources in APA format and back up your statements with
course materials.

● Responding does not automatically award you with full marks. Your responses
should be in the form of a discussion, encouraging deeper thought and
understanding of the topic.

Forum Question: What was the health status of Indigenous people in North America
prior to colonization? How were Indigenous people and their health affected by

Reponse to student

In much the same way that all domains of health (physical mental, emotional, and
spiritual) are intimately interconnected, so too are the proximal, intermediate, and distal
determinants of health. Similarly, within each of these strata of determinants, elements
of influence combine to create synergies of advantage and/or disadvantage. (Charlotte,

Indigenous Peoples & Health

Before colonization set in the health status of indigenous people was not good enough
which made them travel regularly to access resources and maintain social networks
(Charlotte, 2018).In general, reserve lands were, and continue to be, insufficient to
sustain food production through either agriculture or ranching. Further, these relatively
small tracts of land are frequently very remote and lack access to potable water
(Waldram, Herring, & Young,2006). Historically, water rights and services were developed
to meet Euro-Canadian needs with little regard for the consequence to Aboriginal
communities. As a result, when combined with widespread water contamination
resulting from colonial development of surrounding lands lack of access to clean water
facilitated the spread of communicable illness on man reserves. Ironically, although
decisions about resource allocation were primarily made by federal and provincial
governments high rates of illness in Aboriginal communities were perceived as the result
of resistance to adopting “healthy” (i.e., Western) modes of living(Waldram et al., 1995).
Western medicine played a key role in the colonization of Indigenous peoples by virtue of
the rationale given for its involvement in their lives and its intrusion into their bodies
(Kelm, 1998). For the most part, early Indigenous health policy was based on notions of
“white” racial superiority, assimilation goals, and irrational fear of “interracial” contagion.
Disease prevention initiatives sought only to minimize the colonial burden of sick
Indigenous peoples and to contain the disease, thereby protecting Euro-Canadians
(Kelm. 1998).

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